Jean de Dieu Basabose, Anti-corruption education and peacebuilding. The Ubupfura Project in Rwanda. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2019.
Corruption is a major obstacle to development in Africa and elsewhere. There are three ways of trying to contain it – a concerted effort to prosecute offenders and apply harsh penalties, changing bureaucratic systems to minimise room for corrupt behaviour; and educating people not to engage in corruption, for example, by not asking for bribes and not paying them.
This book, which draws on Jean’s doctoral thesis, focusses on anti-corruption education in primary schools as a way of combating corruption in Rwanda. The curriculum material which Jean developed and trialled in a number of schools was found to strengthen the resolve of future generations to maintain and live out the Ubupfura (trust/respect in IKinyarwanda) ethical values.
Mediel Hove and Geoff Harris (Eds.). Infrastructures for Peace in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2019.
Cultures of violence are characteristic of many countries in sub-Saharan Africa and attempts to move towards cultures of peace have often proved difficult and ineffectual. And yet the wide vari¬ations in levels of violence within and between countries show that it is not inevitable; rather, it is the result of choices made at individual, community and societal levels.
This book examines the potential of peace infrastructures as vehicles to strengthen and spread progress towards cultures of peace. Peace infrastructures vary hugely in sophistication and level. The examples examined in this book range from tiny structures which help resolve conflicts between individuals and within community organisations, peace committees which serve local com¬munities, peace education and peace club programmes in schools, mediation mechanisms to prevent election violence and to ministries of peace to coordinate government and non-government efforts in peacemaking and peacebuilding.
The overall finding is that the development of peace infrastructures at all levels has great potential to build cultures of peace.