- Galtung, J. 1990. Cultural violence. Journal of Peace Research, 27(3): 291-305.
- Grint, K. 2008. Wicked problems and clumsy solutions: the role of leadership. Clinical Leader 1(2), 11-26.
- Kretzmann, J. P., & McKnight, J. L. 1996. A twenty-first century map for healthy communities and families.Evanston, IL: Asset-Based Community Development Institute, North-western University.
- Yosso T. 2005. Whose culture has capital? A critical race theory discussion of community cultural wealth. Race Ethnicity and Education (8) 1: 69-91.
Dr Chrys Kiyala, research associate of ICON, is directly involved in peace-building work in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. His report follows, with an English summary before the main report in French.
In response to requests from members of the Lindelani community, ICON is assisting in developing a Peace Forest. Lindelani has a long history of intense violence, in particular during the years before the transition to democracy. At one stage, a stream surrounded by trees was the dividing line between warring communities. Members of the local community, led by Sibusiso Xaba, have proposed that the area now been made into a Peace Forest; a place that offers local people peace and that also symbolises and celebrates peace.
In 2018, this will be a project of the Durban Leadership Programme, which operates from the International Centre of Nonviolence in collaboration with staff of DUT and the African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD). A group of students will work on the project, undertaking tasks like assisting in the removal of refuse from the stream, removing alien vegetation, developing signage and setting up a web presence for the project.
In addition, the project will also work at Pigeon Valley nature reserve, in Glenwood on the Durban Berea. This is a well-established and systematically managed municipal nature reserve. However, some of the issues, like the threat of crime, pollution and invasive plants, also affect this park. It could also be developed in innovative ways to foster ways of achieving greater peace.
ICON proudly makes available on this website the book edited by Sylvia Kaye and Geoff Harris.
To access this, please go to Resources where you will be able to access the book directly.
The authors write in their Preface:
This book arose from an increasing concern – which we believe is shared by many peace researchers – that our research makes very little difference to policy and practice. The reasons for this can be many, including a lack of connection between the researchers and policymakers. The latter may not act on our research either because they are not aware of it or because their own agendas do not in fact prioritise peace.
Action researchers are impatient and do not want to wait for a gradual change over many years in the way policymakers think and act. Action research provides an opportunity for at least some peace to be built during the course of the research. Action researchers are committed to genuine participation of the people whose situations are being researched. Hopefully, they are willing to be catalysts and facilitators and let the people take the research in the way which seems best to them.
The case studies in this book illustrate the challenges involved in carrying out action research within the broad constraints imposed by the requirements of a postgraduate degree. The case studies represent a wide range of possible uses of action research in peacebuilding. We asked contributors for submissions to include the following:
• A clear statement of the problem which the research was intended to tackle
• A clear description of the action processes which were planned and the ways the data which was generated, including how it was collected/recorded and analysed
• The challenges faced in conducting the action and the responses made to them
• An evaluation of the action process
• The project’s outcomes.
In the last few weeks of putting this book together, we came across an excellent book edited by Christiane Kayser and Flaubert Djateng, titled Action research: a necessity in peace work and published by Bread for the World – Protestant Development Service, Berlin, 2015. Its main thrust, with which we totally agree, is encapsulated in the title of its first chapter – ‘Action research – an essential tool in the work for social change and sustainable peace’.
Sylvia Kaye and Geoff Harris
Most gatherings of peace activists are inspired by great speakers; this was not the format ICON chose to celebrate Peace Month in 2017. Instead, a diverse gathering of those working in such sectors as disability, youth, environmental justice, gender, racism, poverty and came together.
Work was done mainly in sector groups; after identifying who was present and what they are doing in that area, there was a focus on successes and challenges.
The aim was to build collaboration and understanding across difference. This meant a lot of translation from English to isiZulu and back. One of the issues that was addressed was the gaps in experience between young and old.
This is a prelude to an ongoing series of events under the title of Peace Education Forum.