Joan E. Alty, LLB, is serving a six-year volunteer assignment in S.A. as Co-Representative of MCC (the relief and development arm of the North American Mennonite Churches). She is jointly responsible for over-sight of the peace programming for MCC and is currently providing leadership in the Peace Clubs initiative in Kwa-Zulu Natal.
This workshop will inform attendees about one strategy for non-violence that is readily accessible to any school, initiating a Peace Clubs. The presentation will draw on the 7-year experience in Zambia (Lusaka and Choma) and the recent initiation of Peace Clubs in South Africa (Pietermaritzburg and Eldorado Park). In Lusaka, “Peace Club” the now registered NGO has a waiting list of schools that want to become peace club schools. Learners are choosing peace clubs over sports! They are learning life skills while having a safe place to share their concerns. The workshop will discuss the methodology for peace clubs and provide an overview of the curriculum. The curriculum has been developed in such a way that interested teachers can use it without needing a great deal of peace and conflict resolution training or outside support. Then, to give participants an opportunity to work with the curriculum and the concept, everyone will participate in a peace club class.
Dr. Anthony Collins
School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal
This paper outlines an ongoing project for understanding and managing gender-based violence (GBV) at a South African university. It outlines the research and analysis aspects of this project, showing how the understanding of this problem is often shaped by popular misconceptions of the problems facing students. A wide variety of different forms of gender-based violence are identified, showing the contexts in which they occur and the risks which they present. The paper the challenges the tendency to think of gender-based violence primarily in terms of the rape of women by criminal strangers, and shows instead how GBV is a complex and part of everyday social life on campus, and includes a variety of interactions including normalised sexual coercion in relationships, intimate-partner violence and homophobia. This research and analysis allows for a clearer grasp of the different problems of gender-based violence on campus and strategies that would be useful in managing it. The paper provides of framework for understanding the specific research finding presented in the following papers by Gordon and du Randt.
Acting against gender-based violence at universities
This paper explores the interventions for managing gender-based violence (GBV) proposed by an ongoing project for understanding and managing gender-based violence at a South African university. Drawing on the research and analysis outlined in previous presentations, it draws attention to some limitations of the security and counselling approaches to managing GBV on campus, and highlights a broader range of interventions. These include the development of peer support organisations, collaborative networks of service providers and university decision makers, and the need for open discussion on the often taboo issues around GBV with clear public support for survivors. It also entails developing academic modules that challenge social norms supporting GBV and explore strategies for non-violent conflict resolution and victim support. The paper draws together the findings and suggestions explored in the previous papers on this theme, and offers an integrated model for managing gender-based violence at South African universities, while drawing attention to some of the problems and pitfalls facing the implementation these ideas.
Organization: Soul City Institute
Soul City Institute’s Soul Buddyz Club intervention creates a platform for South African children aged 8 to 15 years to learn and develop skills to enable them to mobilise around children’s rights, and issues that affect them, their schools and communities.
Approximately 6 000 Soul Buddyz Club meet once a week in schools around South Africa – in urban, rural and semi-rural areas; and in townships. Teacher volunteers are trained as facilitators by the Institute to guide club meetings using materials developed and supplied by the Institute.
In 2012 an activity-based booklet for clubs explored the issue of child abuse providing Buddyz with a framework to understand what constitutes child abuse, how abusers silence and manipulate their victims and what children can do to get out of an abusive situation and support others in doing to. A DVD-based discussion tool, which looked at child sexual abuse using the children’s television drama Soul Buddyz was also supplied to clubs.
Buddyz from clubs around the country conducted marches and engaged in a range of consciousness raising activities and interventions in their communities. As a direct result of this intervention nine children in one school reported abuse by a principal who was subsequently charged with abuse and suspended.
Dr Busangokwakhe Dlamini
Institution: Siyakhana – Ecumenical Community of the Paraclete
Caring enough to Act
Argued in this paper is that there is an abundance of strategies that could be implemented to combat and curb violence in educational institutions. Those include, AVP, Consciousness Raising, Educate for Democracy, Education in the values of Ubuntu, Education in Spiritualty, Peace Clubs, cherishing the values of good neighbourliness, and bridging the divides. Contended in the paper, therefore, is the notion that there is inertia and/or lack of vision towards building a culture of nonviolence in schools and higher institutions of learning. Intended by this paper is thus the generating of dialogue on the role of educational institutions in combating violence and how space could be created to allow strategies for acting against violence in the curriculum.
Tarryn Du Randt
Organization: University of KwaZulu-Natal
Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is a significant problem on university campuses. This knowledge prompted a qualitative study which explored the various discourses surrounding GBV amongst residence students at UKZN. The findings of this study revealed the powerful influence that student’s subjectivity and ‘home culture’ socialisation has on a system of discourses that perpetuate GBV. These discourses appear to reproduce the patriarchal ideals of masculinity and femininity, and the role of women and men that condone and promote gender-based violence on campus. In addition, the idea of a unique university culture seems to affect the way in which student’s relate to each other on campus. The influence of this system of discourses is seen in student’s understanding of GBV; their relation to gay students; the negotiation of intimate partnerships; and their behaviour as bystanders to GBV. These findings highlight a distinct gap not only in the policy and support services surrounding GBV in institutions of higher education, but also in the institutional culture. This collective consciousness, informed by our socialised values, appears to inadvertently perpetuate GBV on campus. If we are to see change in our universities, a paradigm shift in this culture needs to be supported by entire university communities, and especially by the leaders of these institutions.
Dr Chandré Gould is a senior researcher in the Governance Crime and Justice Division of the Institute for Security Studies and editor of the journal South African Crime Quarterly. Much of her work focuses on crime and violence prevention. She is collaborating with Dr Cathy Ward (University of Cape Town) to undertake a baseline survey of parenting and child behaviour in Touwsranten in the Western Cape, in preparation for an intervention to support and promote positive parenting.
This twenty minute presentation will describe the Seven Passes Initiative, an initiative in a rural area in the Western Cape to build children’s connectedness to school in order to reduce violence. It will describe the homework support programme that has been running for the past five years, and the outcomes of thereof. The presentation will argue that it is essential to address violence in the home and the community if we wish to reduce school-based violence. To this end, the presentation will describe a new project to determine whether a focused, multi-faceted intervention can positively change parenting practices in an entire population. The project will achieve this through a variety of activities:
- Developing and delivering an evidence-based mass media campaign to reinforce positive parenting messages
- Delivering evidence-based positive parenting workshops and programmes
- Assessing the impact of each of the elements of the intervention both individually, and holistically over time
- Developing a model for taking this project to scale, that is, rolling it out more widely in other communities in South Africa.
The overall intention of the project is to inform policy making about the prevention of violence and aggression, and the promotion of positive child outcomes, through a wide-reach, relatively low cost positive parenting intervention package.